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Frequently Occurring Topics


There are topics that come up in most exam sessions. You will want to make sure you understand and learn about these topics.

N.B. Perhaps the single most useful thing to learn off by heart for the Hunters and Guides exams is Minimum caliber/Energy specifications. It might look like only a firearms question (and it comes up in every firearms exam session) but in one way or another it can be found in any paper and has been known to occur in different forms twice in one paper and once each in a couple of others. If you don’t commit to memory anything else make sure you can reproduce this little chart at a moment’s notice.

AThick skinned, dangerous game, e.g. buffalo, elephant, hippoNot less than: 9,2 mm (.362”)Not less than: 5,3 k/joules (3909 ft lbs) energy at muzzle
BThin skinned, dangerous, big/heavy game, e.g. eland, giraffe, lionNot less than: 7,0 mm (.257”)Not less than: 4,3 k/joules (3172 ft lbs) energy at muzzle
CGeneral big game, e.g. blesbok, crocodile, hartebeest, spotted hyena, leopard, nyala, sable, kudu, waterbuck, wildebeest, zebraNot less than: 7,0 mm (.257)Not less than: 3.0 k/joules (2213 ft lbs) energy at muzzle  
DLight big game, e.g. bushbuck, bush pig, brown hyena, impala, reedbuck, springbok, warthog, wild dogNot less than: 5,6 mm (.220)Not less than: .850 k/joules (627 ft lbs) energy at muzzle  

See Firearms section for an aid to memorizing the information above.

Apart from that chart I suggest you make sure that you pay special attention to the following topics (divided into the different papers).

FIREARMS  *Ballistics, definition + definitions of external/exterior ballistics, internal/interior ballistics & terminal ballistics *Labeling/knowing of parts of a firearm (& a cartridge)
*Being clear about the nature and functioning of rifling *Safety rules
*Mis-fire vs hang fire
*Rules around having a license & what to do if your weapon is lost or damaged
GENERAL PAPER*Agro-ecological Regions
*Border posts
*Ministry of Environment, Water and Climate Affairs – Minister, Perm. Secretary, Agencies under the Ministry, etc. *Provinces (and their capitals)
*The Zambezi – source, mouth, length, features,  National Parks along the river, etc
*Trans-frontier Parks and Conservation Areas
*Who holds political positions
*World Heritage sites – NB Historical vs Natural
*Zimbabwe’s public holidays & “World Days” (e.g. World Wetlands, World Rangers, etc)
*Abbreviations/acronyms related to conservation and tourism
*Major world events – e.g. at the moment it is likely that there will be questions about the Corona virus.
HABITS & HABITATS  *Animals – Male? Female? Group? Young? Sound? e.g. lion, lioness, pride, cub, roar
*Antelope, including types of habitat favoured, type of herd,  females with/without  horns
*Gestation periods (selected – don’t try and learn them all but have a sense of the pattern, large vs small animals, predators vs prey animals.)
*Scientific names (select the most common to learn but spend time looking at them and reading them aloud so that sometimes you can recognize one when you see it on the paper)
*Snakes – types of fang, types & effects of venom, eggs/live young
LAW  *“Appropriate Authority” and “Authority” and “alienated” and unalienated” land – definitions
*Legislation – Acts and Statutory Instruments – dates, titles, contents
*National Parks & Wildlife Estate –  names/functions of the different types of NP area – National Parks, Safari Areas, Recreational  Parks, etc.
*Prohibited acts within National Parks Estate
*Prohibited weapons/methods of hunting
*Regulations governing hunting , 1. In Safari Areas, 2. On Alienated Land 3. On Communal  land
*Specially Protected Animals (all mammals + 1 reptile, and some examples of birds)
*Specially Protected Plants (some examples)
*Traps – 3 classes with examples
*ZimParks – Regions, Clusters, address, head office, Director, other officials,  Vision, Mission, Values, website, etc. Dangerous vs. Problem Animals
*Bow hunting
*Mercy killing
*Killing in self-defense
*Law in relation to ivory ownership/sale

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Paddy Pacey

Zimbabwean field guide and trainer of aspiring guides

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