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Canoeing (Special Paper)

Canoeing (Special Paper)

Candidates for the Learner Hunters and Guides examination may also choose to write an extra Canoeing (Special Paper) at the same time as the Learner Examinations if they intend to become a River Guide. To qualify as a Professional River Guide they will then need to acquire 250 hours of experience on the river and then undergo the Canoe, Kayak or Whitewater Proficiency Test.

Below you will find the 13 past papers for Canoeing.

It will really be worth your while to be able to answer the majority of questions shown below as a preparation for writing the examination. (You will see that the same questions crop up frequently.)

Questions on Canoeing Paper

You will see from the diagram the questions fall into clear categories:

  • The majority of questions (about a third) concern, as you would expect, canoeing, the types of canoe, canoeing safety, legislation concerning canoeing and being a learner canoe guide.
  • The next biggest category of questions concerns the birds you would expect to find along the Zambezi River, names (old and new and scientific), habits, etc.
  • The next category deals with questions (that you can also find in the General Paper) concerning the Zambezi River and the dams along the river, its tributaries and what lies on its banks;
  • Then comes the topic of fish and fishing, focusing on the fish of the Zambezi River;
  • Animal questions form the next biggest category, focusing almost exclusively on crocodiles and hippos, There is one question on antelope found on the banks of the Zambezi and one about frogs.
  • Vegetation questions form the next smallest category, looking at invasive weed species and to an extent on trees that occur around the Zambezi.
  • There are some questions about health considerations and First Aid, the majority dealing with heat exhaustion and sun burn.
  • There are questions (all identical) on how to dispose of various sorts of waste along the Zambezi.
  • And then, not represented on the chart, a few questions on stars and planets and constellations visible from the Zambezi and a few questions on vehicle repair.
Cover sheet, Canoeing papers
The cover sheet of all the canoeing papers.

This section contains the following Canoeing Papers:

  • SEPTEMBER, 2007
  • SEPTEMBER, 2009
  • FEBRUARY, 2012
  • NOVEMBER, 2013
  • SEPTEMBER, 2014
  • FEBRUARY, 2015
  • SEPTEMBER, 2015
  • FEBRUARY, 2016
  • FEBRUARY, 2017
  • FEBRUARY, 2018
  • FEBRUARY, 2019
  • SEPTEMBER, 2019
  • OCTOBER, 2020

SEPTEMBER, 2007

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.1     What bird would you see in the Zambezi Valley with a beak that does not close properly? Why is it that the beak does not close properly? 4 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.2     What is the largest river bird found on the Zambezi River?   2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.3     What is the name of the eagle most associated with water bodies?  2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.4     What bird species heads for water pans at sunset in large flocks?   2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007. QU.5      Name 3 kingfishers found in Zimbabwe.   3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.6     Give the common names of two aquatic weeds that are choking rivers and pans.     2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.7     On the banks of rivers or dams where soil is hard-packed, a creeping type of grass grows. Sometimes the grass is used for lawns. What is the common name of this grass (common name and scientific name)? 4 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.8   In the early stages of Kariba dam, an aquatic weed proliferated on the dam.  What is this weed called?   2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.9   Which combretum tree is known as river combretum?  2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.10   Describe 4 ways through which people living in the Zambezi valley can benefit from the Zambezi River.    8 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.11   Which part of the Zambezi system is the Kariba kurper (Orechromis  mortimer) mostly found?   2 mks     

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.12   What is the scientific name of the Tiger fish?  2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.13    While camping close to the banks of the Zambezi what measures would you take to avoid contracting malaria? 3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.14   Where is Kanyemba Island and how did it receive its name?   2mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.15   Which 3 indigenous trees are mostly used to make dug-out canoes (makoros)   3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.16  What is evidently common between the African wattle (Peltoforum africanum) and the raintree (Lochocarpus capassa)   4 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.17   You are driving back to base at the end of your canoeing safari.  During the journey your vehicle overheats and you discover a small hole in the radiator.  You are far from any settlement.  For you to get your clients back to Kariba in good time what will you do to repair the vehicle?   2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2007.QU.18   You are canoeing in the Chewore Safari area and you have just passed the Tansa River.  You are explaining to your clients about the hot springs found up the river 4km inland.  Your clients really want to see this natural feature and ask you to take them for a walk and show them.  Can you do that? If you cannot do that, why?   3 mks

SEPTEMBER, 2009

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.1   Describe the nests of the following species:

  1.  Fish eagle                                                  1 mk
  2. Spotted backed weaver                           1 mk

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.2   Can you legally shoot a crocodile which has attacked your client with your rifle?  2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.3   The vervet monkey is a natural swimmer.  True?/false?  1mk

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.4   You are canoeing along the river with a group of clients when a bull hippo overturns one of your client’s canoes.  What is your immediate course of action?   3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.5   You are driving back to a base in Kariba at the end of your canoe safari.  During the journey, your vehicle overheats and you discover a small hole in the radiator.  You are far from any settlements.  In order to get your clients back to Kariba in good time what will you do to fix the vehicle?   2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.6   In order to safely control a flotilla of four canoes, what distance between the canoes will you tell your clients to keep?   2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.7   What is the largest fish species that you would find in the Zambezi valley?  1 mk

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.8   Name any two items that you should have in your canoe to ensure the safety of your clients.  2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.9   Kapenta  (Miodon limnothsa) fish species is an introduced fish species in Lake Kariba.  State any three ecological implications that come with its introduction in the Lake.  3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.10   List any three types of wetland found in Zimbabwe.  3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.11  State any four functions of wetlands to the ecosystem. 4mks                        

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.12   When canoeing, how would you prevent yourself from the following conditions:

  1.  Sunburn?
  2. Dehydration?                                                                                          2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.13   Name any two man-made lakes found along the Zambezi River.       2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.14   What is the normal life span of the following animals?

  1. Crocodile                                                                                                      1 mk
  2. Hippopotamus                                                                                            1 mk

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.15   Alien plant species are a major cause of biodiversity loss.  Which alien aquatic plant species were discovered shortly after the creation of the following lakes:

  1. Lake Kariba                                                                                                    1 mk
  2. Chivero                                                                                                           1 mk

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.16   Why is Oreochromis niloticus mostly favoured by anglers?      2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.17   What is the difference between a river and a stream. 4 mks

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.18   What does the term ‘riparian vegetation’ mean?  2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.19   What health problems are brought on by the creation of dams and reservoirs in your area?                                   2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.20   What are the advantages of using a long canoe than using a shorter one on a water body?                                                    3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.21   When would you use the following forms of canoes?

  1.  A straight-line keel type of a canoe                                   1 mk
  2. Rockered keel type of a canoe                                             1 mk

CAN.SEPT.2009.QU.22   What material can be used to make paddles? 2 mks

FEBRUARY, 2012

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.1   What is the largest stork that you would find on the Zambezi River?                                                                                             2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.2   You are canoeing down the Zambezi river.  You are too late to get a designated canoe campsite to spend the night because of strong winds in front of you.  What would you do?                                          3 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.3   Name three items that you should have in your canoe to ensure the safety of your clients.                                                         3 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.4   Name two nocturnal birds you would expect to see on the Zambezi River.                                                                                     2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.5   You are a professional canoe guide.  Your client wishes to fish from the bank in Mana Pools National Park.  How would you assist him?                                                                                                             2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.6   Your client is interested in crocodile and he asks you to attract them by putting in meat scraps.  How can you assist him?    2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.7   You are a canoe guide on the Zambezi river opposite Mana Pools National Park.  On an island which is about one kilometre away, you see vultures and then you notice that there are lions on a kill.  Your client wants to get close to take pictures.  How do you assist him?       2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.8   Your client is a keen fisherman.  He asks you which fish species gives the best fight.  What fish species would you tell him fits this description?                                                                         2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.9   At an overnight canoe designated site you have to make sure that your clients are safe against predators.  Describe briefly what you need to do to ensure the client’s safety.                             4 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.10   You are in an overnight designated canoe site at night.  You hear shots fired about three (3) kilometres away.  What would you do?    2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.11   Your client sees many holes in the river bank.  He asks you what made the holes.   What would you answer?                2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.12   In the river there is a floating buffalo carcass.  Your client wants to get nearer to have a look at it.  What would you do? 2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.13   Which do you think is more dangerous: a lone bull hippo or a group of hippo?                                                                       1 mk

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.14   You are on the river with clients.  There is no wind, the river is smooth.  But in the distance you see that the water is rippling with rapids.  What does this show you?                                            3 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.15   What threatened species of bird which is also an indicator species of a stable ecosystem occurs on the lower Zambezi River and where does it nest?                                                     2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.16   Name the 2 species of Night Heron that occur on the Zambezi river.                                                                                     2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.17   What is the scientific name of the African Fish Eagle?                                                                                                       2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.18   As a canoe guide running a trip on the Zambezi River how would you dispose of the following waste?

  1. Vegetable Waste                                                                                        1 mk
  2. Firewood Ash                                                                                              1mk
  3. Plastic, Paper and Tins                                                                              1 mk
  4. Human Waste                                                                                             1 mk

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.19   As a trainee canoe guide how many hours are you able to log per day and who should sign these off for you?                   2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.20   Heat exhaustion can be a real threat to our international visitors.  What do you do in a suspected case?                2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.21   In order to safely control a flotilla of 4 canoes, what distance between canoes will you tell your clients to keep?                   2 mks

CAN.FEB.2012.QU.22   Safety is the most important consideration whilst canoeing, should a hippo submerge ahead of you and you are unsure of what or where it is going, what is the first thing you should do?         2 mks

NOVEMBER, 2013

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.1   Which one do you think is more dangerous: a lone bull hippo or a group of hippo?                                                                    1 mk

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.2  Name any four kingfishers found in Zimbabwe.   2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.3   Along which river would you find Kabora Bassa? 1 mk

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.4   You are with a group of clients where you are canoeing along Mutirikwe river and a wounded hippo is charging towards the clients.

  1. What action will you take?                                                               2 mks
  2. Explain the justification of your action in the light of the legal frameworks binding.                                                                            2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.5   To which ocean does Zambezi River discharge its waters.                                                                          1 mk

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.6   What is the largest stork you would find on the Zambezi river?                                                 2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.7   You are canoeing down the Zambezi.  You are too late to get to a designated canoe campsite to spend the night because of strong wind in front of you.  What would you do?                                             3 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.8   Name two nocturnal birds you would expect to see on the Zambezi river.                                                                                   2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.9   You are a professional guide.  Your client wishes to fish from the bank in Mana Pools National Park.  How would you assist him? 3 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.10   Your client is interested in crocodile and he asks you to attract them by putting in meat scraps.  How can you assist him?   2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.11   You are in an overnight designated canoe site at night.  You hear shots fired about 3 kilometres away.  What would you do?         2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.12   Your client sees many holes in the river bank.  He asks you what made the holes.  What would you answer?                  2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.13   In the river there is a floating hippo carcass.  Your client wants to get nearer to have a look at it.  What would you do?   2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.14   Name the 2 species of Night Heron that occur on the Zambezi River.                                                                                                  2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.15   What is the scientific name for the Nile tilapia? 2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.16   As a canoe guide running a trip on the Zambezi River how would you dispose of the following waste?

  1. Vegetable Waste                                                                                        1 mk
  2. Firewood Ash                                                                                              1 mk
  3. Plastic, Paper and Tins                                                                              1 mk
  4. Human Waste                                                                                             1 mk

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.17  As a trainee canoe guide how many hours are you able to log per day and who should sign these off for you?                 2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.18   Safety is the most important consideration whilst canoeing, should a hippo submerge ahead of you and you are unsure of what or where it is going, what is the first thing you should do?          2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.19   Which type of canoe would you use on:

  1. Flat water                                                                                                     2 mks
  2. White water                                                                                                2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.20   One local folk law is that the Zambezi river has a spirit called Nyami-Nyami.  What do the local people believe is the importance of this spirit?                                                                             2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.21   Name the feature that is considered to be the boundary between the upper and middle Zambezi.                                2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.22   From Kariba dam wall, Zambezi river heads towards Chirundu.  Beyond this, the river is flanked by two wildlife areas.  Name them.  2 mks

CAN.NOV.2013.QU.23   Name the two largest left-hand tributaries of the middle Zambezi River.                                                                            2 mks

SEPTEMBER, 2014

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.1   What is the largest stork that you would find on the Zambezi River?                                                                                          2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.2   You are canoeing down the Zambezi.  You are too late to get to a designated campsite to spend the night because of strong winds in front of you.  What would you do?                                                     3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.3   Name three items that you should have in your canoe to ensure the safety of your clients.                                                        3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.4   Name two nocturnal birds you would expect to see on the Zambezi River.                                                                                    2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.5   You are a professional guide.  Your client wishes to fish from the bank in Mana Pools National Park.  How would you assist him? 2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.6   Your client is interested in crocodiles and he asks you to attract them by putting in meat scraps.  How can you assist him?  2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.7   You are a canoe guide on the Zambezi River opposite Mana Pools National Park.  About 1 km inland you see vultures and then you notice that there are lions on a kill.  Your client wants to get close to take pictures.  How do you assist him?                                                       2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.8   Your client is a keen fisherman.  He asks you which fish species gives the best fight.  What fish species would you tell him fits this description?                                                                                                2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.9   At an overnight canoe designated site you have to make sure your clients are safe against predators.  Describe briefly what you need to do to ensure the client’s safety.                                                4 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.10   You are in an overnight designated canoe site at night.  You hear shots fired about 3 kilometers away.  What would you do?        2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.11   Your client sees many holes in the river bank.  He asks what made the holes.  What would you answer?                              2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.12 In the river there is a floating buffalo carcass.  Your client wants to go nearer to have a good look at it. What would you do? 2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.13   Which do you think is more dangerous: a lone bull hippo or a group of hippos?                                                                          2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.14   You are on the river with clients.  There is no wind, the river is smooth.  But in the distance you see that the water is rippling with rapids.  What does this show you?                                                      3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.15   What threatened species of bird which is also an indicator species of a stable ecosystem that is found on the lower Zambezi River and where does it nest?                                                                        2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.16   Name the 2 species of Night Heron that occur on the Zambezi River.                                                                                                  2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.17   What is the scientific name of the African Fish Eagle?                                                                                                                  2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.18   As canoe guide running a trip on the Zambezi River how would you dispose of the following waste?

  1. Vegetable Waste                                                                                        1 mk
  2. Firewood Ash                                                                                              1 mk
  3. Plastic, Paper and Tins                                                                              1 mk
  4. Human Waste                                                                                             1 mk

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.19   As a trainee canoe guide how many hours are you able to log per day and who should sign these off for you?                    2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.20   Heat exhaustion can be a real threat to our international visitors.  What do you do in a suspected case?              2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.21   In order to safely control a flotilla of 4 canoes, what distance between canoes will you tell your clients to keep?                  2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2014.QU.22   Safety is the most important consideration whilst canoeing, should a hippo submerge ahead of you and you are unsure of where it is going, what is the first thing you should do?                         2 mks

FEBRUARY, 2015

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.1   What are the 4 most important dangers that canoeists should be warned about before embarking on a canoe safari in the pre-trip safety talk?                                                                                                           4 mks

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.2   What threatened species of bird which is also an indicator species of a stable ecosystem occurs on the lower Zambezi River and where does it nest?                                                                                     2 mks

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.3   Name the 2 species of Night Heron that occur on the Zambezi River.                                                                                                     2 mks

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.4   What is the scientific name of

  1. Tiger Fish?                                                                                                    2 mks
  2. African Fish Eagle?                                                                                     2 mks
  3. Topedo Grass                                                                                               2 mks

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.5   As a canoe guide running a trip on the Zambezi River how would you dispose of the following waste?

  1. Vegetable Waste                                                                                        1 mk
  2. Firewood Ash                                                                                              1 mk
  3. Plastic, Paper and Tins                                                                              1 mk
  4. Human Waste                                                                                             1 mk

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.6   You are a learner canoe guide being accompanied by a professional guide from a registered tour operator company and you are conducting a Kariba to Kanyemba canoe safari.  The Professional Guide requests that you pull into the river bank in Mana Pools National Park to go on a guided walk.  What would be your response?                                   2 mks

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.7   On a canoe trip, how far from the water are you allowed to light a fire?                                                                                      1 mk

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.8   Name the designated canoe operator sites on Mana Pools National Park shoreline.                                                                       3 mks

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.9   

  1. As a learner guide how many hours are you expected to work per day                                                                                                                  1 mk
  2. Who should sign these hours for you?                                                   1 mk        

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.10   Safety is the most important consideration whilst canoeing, should a hippo submerge ahead of you and you are unsure of where it is going, what is the first thing you should do?                           1 mk

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.11   What is the length of Kariba Dam Wall and how high is it?                                                                                                                    2 mks

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.12   What is the distance of the Zambezi River from Source to Mouth?                                                                                             1 mk

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.13   Name 3 constellations that you would enjoy during a night camping in the Zambezi Valley.                                                          6 mks

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.14   What is the length of incubation for crocodile eggs?1 mk

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.15   Name any 3 predators of crocodile eggs.               3 mks

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.16   Give the new names for the following birds:

  1. Crowned Plover                                                                                    1 mk
  2. Grey Lourie                                                                                            1 mk
  3. Pearl Spotted Owl                                                                                 1 mk
  4. Blue Waxbill                                                                                           1 mk

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.17   Which one of the 12 zodiac constellations is most conspicuous in July evenings along the Zambezi River?                  1 mk

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.18   Name 2 planets that are visible to the naked eye on a dark night.                                                                                                   2 mks

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.19  Heat exhaustion can be a real threat to our international visitors.  What do you do in a suspected case?                   2 mks

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.20   In order to safely control a flotilla of 4 canoes, what distance between canoes will you tell your clients to keep?                    1 mk

CAN.FEB.2015.QU.21   You are at a designated canoe site at night.  You hear shots fired about 3 kilometers away.  What would you do?                  2 mks

SEPTEMBER, 2015

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.1   You are canoeing down the Zambezi.  You are too late to get to a designated canoe campsite to spend the night because of strong winds in front of you.  What would you do?                                       3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.2   You are a professional canoe guide.  Your client wishes to fish from the bank in Mana Pools National Park.  How would you assist him?         2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.3   Your client is interested in crocodile and he asks you to attract them by putting in meat scraps.  How can you assist him?    2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.4   You are a canoe guide on the Zambezi River opposite Mana Pools National Park.  About 1 km inland you see vultures and then you notice that there are lions on a kill.  Your client wants to take close pictures.  How do you assist him?                                                             2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.5   Your client is a keen fisherman.  He asks you which fish species gives the best fight.  What fish species would you tell him fits this description?                                                                                        2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.6   At an overnight canoe designated site you have to make sure your clients are safe against predators.  Describe briefly what you need to do to ensure the client’s safety.                                          4 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.7   You are in an overnight designated canoe site at night.  You hear shots fired about 3 kilometers away.  What would you do?        2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.8   Your client sees many holes in the river bank.  He asks you what made the holes.  What would you answer?                           2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.9   In the river there is a floating buffalo carcass.  Your client wants to get nearer to have a look.  What would you do?         2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.10   You are on the river with clients.  There is no wind, the river is smooth.  But in the distance you see that the water is rippling with rapids.  What does this show you?                                                   3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.11   What threatened species of bird which is also an indicator species of a stable ecosystem occurs on the lower Zambezi River and where does it nest?                                                                       2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.12   Name the 2 species of Night Heron that occur on the Zambezi River.                                                                                               2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.13   What is the scientific name of the African Fish Eagle?                                                                                                             2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.14   As a canoe guide running a trip on the Zambezi River how would you dispose of the following waste?

  1. Vegetable Waste                                                                                        1 mk
  2. Firewood Ash                                                                                              1 mk
  3. Plastic, Paper and Tins                                                                              1 mk
  4. Human Waste                                                                                             1 mk                                                              

 CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.15   As a trainee canoe guide how many hours are you able to log per day and who should sign these off for you?                    2 mks 

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.16   Heat exhaustion can be a real threat to our international visitors.  What do you do in a suspected case?                 2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.17   In order to safely control a flotilla of 4 canoes, what distance between canoes will you tell your clients to keep?                    2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.18   Safety is the most important consideration whilst canoeing, should a hippo submerge ahead of you and you are unsure of what or where it is going, what is the first thing you should do?           2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.19   Name the four major parts of a paddle.              4 mks

CAN.SEPT.2015.QU.20   Briefly explain how you would protect yourself from direct sun radiation and also from what is reflected from the water surface when on a canoe trip.                                                                                   4 mks

FEBRUARY, 2016

CAN.2016.QU.1   What are the 4 most important dangers that canoeists should be warned about before embarking on a canoe safari in the pre-trip safety ?        4 mks

CAN.2016.QU.2   What threatened species of bird which is also an indicator species of a stable ecosystem occurs on the lower Zambezi River and where does it nest?                                                                                              2 mks

CAN.2016.QU.3   Name the 2 species of Night Heron that occur on the Zambezi River.                                                                                         2 mks

CAN.2016.QU.4   Name any two items that you should have in your canoe to ensure the safety of your clients.                                                             2 mks

CAN.2016.QU.5   Kapenta is an introduced fish species in Lake Kariba.  State any three ecological implications that come with its introduction in the Lake. 3 mks

CAN.2016.QU.6   Giving relevant examples, list any three types of wetlands found in Zimbabwe                                                                                      3 mks

CAN.2016.QU.7  State any four functions of wetlands to the ecosystem. 4 mks

CAN.2016.QU.8   When canoeing, how would you prevent yourself from suffering from the following conditions

  1. Sunburn?                                                                                                     1 mk
  2. Dehydration?                                                                                              1 mk

CAN.2016.QU.9   Name any two man-made lakes found along the Zambezi River.      2 mks

CAN.2016.QU.10   What is the normal life span of the following animals?

  1. Crocodile                                                                                                      1 mk
  2. Hippopotamus                                                                                            1 mk

CAN.2016.QU.11   What is the scientific name of the African Fish Eagle? 2 mks

CAN.2016.QU.12   As a canoe guide running a trip on the Zambezi River how would you dispose of the following waste:

  1. Vegetable Waste                                                                                         1 mk
  2. Firewood Ash                                                                                              1 mk
  3. Plastic, Paper and Tins                                                                              1 mk
  4. Human Waste                                                                                             1 mk

CAN.2016.QU.13   Describe the nests of the following bird species:

  1. Fish eagle                                                                                                1 mk
  2. Spotted backed weaver                                                                     1 mk

CAN.2016.QU.14   On a long-haul canoe trip, how far from the water are you allowed to light a fire?                                                                                       1 mk

CAN.2016.QU.15   As a trainee canoe guide how many hours are you able to log per day and who should sign these off for you?                                 2 mks

CAN.2016.QU.16   Safety is the most important consideration whilst canoeing, should a hippo submerge ahead of you and you are unsure of where it is going, what is the first thing you should do?                     2 mks

CAN.2016.QU.17   What is the length of Kariba Dam Wall and how high is it?  2 mks

CAN.2016.QU.18   What is the distance of the Zambezi river from source to mouth?                                                                                                             1 mk

CAN.2016.QU.19   What is the length of incubation for crocodile eggs? 1 mk

CAN.2016.QU.20   Give the new names for the following birds:

  1. Grey Lourie                                                                                                  1 mk
  2. Pearl Spotted Owl                                                                                      1 mk

CAN.2016.QU.21   Name 2 planets that are visible with the naked eye on a dark night.                                                                                                            2 mks

CAN.2016.QU.22   Can you legally shoot a crocodile which has attacked your client at night with your rifle?                                                                       2 mks

CAN.2016.QU.23   What is the largest fish species that you would find in the Zambezi valley?                                                                                               1 mk

FEBRUARY, 2017

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.1   Which river is the longest between Zambezi and Congo?     1 mk

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.2   Name any four kingfishes found in Zimbabwe.   4 mks

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.3   Tanzania is one of the basin countries of the Zambezi river.  True/False                                                                                             1 mk

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.4   Which FIVE considerations would you make before choosing the best type of canoe to be used for canoeing?                      5 mks

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.5   You are canoeing along Zambezi river and one of your clients collapses and is showing signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion. How would you take care of your client?                                                      5 mks

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.6   Give any three reasons why frogs call.                  3 mks

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.7   State the documents needed when registering a canoe.                                                                                                                 2 mks

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.8   Which bird species is commonly found gathered around Lake Kariba’s shores where a “soup” of algae forms its excellent food source?         2 mks

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.9   Name the feature that is considered to be the boundary between the upper and middle Zambezi.                                   1 mk

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.10   Which fish species found in Zimbabwe evolved to replace gills with lungs?                                                                                 2 mks

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.11   Along which river would you find Kabora Bassa? 1 mk

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.12   What is the common name of an aquatic plant species known as Eichhrnia crassipes?                                                                 1 mk

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.13   Whilst camping close to a river bank, what measures would you take to prevent the possibility of contracting malaria?         3 mks

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.14   Can you use plastic material to make paddles?  Give reasons.                                                                                                           3 mks

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.15   You are canoeing in Mutirikwe Lake and you explain to your clients about a graveyard of former residents of that area found just a kilometre from the lake.  Your clients really want to see this graveyard and ask you to take them for a walk and show them.  What would you do?  Give reasons for your decision.                                                                 4 mks

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.16   You are with a group of clients where you are canoeing along Mutirikwe River and a wounded hippo is charging towards the clients.

  1. What reaction would you take?                                                              2 mks
  2. Explain the justification of your actions in light of the legal frameworks binding.                                                                                                      2 mks

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.17   To which ocean does the Zambezi River discharge its water?                                                                                                               1 mk

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.18   Around the section above  Victoria Falls, tour operators run lots of exciting activities besides canoeing.  Name any 3 of these activities.                                                                                                3 mks

CAN.FEB.2017.QU.19   From Kariba dam wall,  Zambezi River heads towards Chirundu.  Beyond this, the river is flanked by two wildlife areas.  Name them.                                                                                                                2 mks

SEPTEMBER, 2019

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.1   What is the largest stork you would find on the Zambezi River?                                                                         2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.2   You are canoeing down the Zambezi.  You are too late to get to a designated canoe campsite to spend the night because of strong winds in front of you.  What would you do?                                           3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.3   Name three items that you should have in your canoe to ensure the safety of your clients.                                                            3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.4   Name two nocturnal birds you would expect to see on the Zambezi River.                                                                                           2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.5  You are a professional canoe guide.  Your client wishes to fish from the bank in Mana Pools National Park.  How would you assist him? 2 mks   

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.6   Your client is interested in crocodiles and he asks you to attract them by putting in meat scraps.  How can you assist him?    2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.7   You are a canoe guide on the Zambezi River opposite Mana Pools National Park.  About 1 km inland you see vultures and then you notice that there are lions on a kill.  Your client wants to get close to take pictures.  How do you assist him?                                                          2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.8   Your client is a keen fisherman.  He asks you which fish species gives the best fight.  What fish species would you tell him fits this description?                                                                                                  2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.9   At an overnight designated site you have to make sure that your clients are safe against predators.  Describe briefly what you need to do to ensure the client’s safety.                                                     4 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.10   You are in an overnight designated canoe site.  You heat shots fired about 3 kilometers away.  What would you do?             2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.11   Your client sees many holes in the river bank.  He asks what made the holes.  What would you answer?                              2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.12   In the river there is a floating buffalo carcass.  Your client wants to get nearer to have a look at it.  What would you do?     2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.13   Which do you think is more dangerous: a lone bull hippo or a group of hippo?                       1 mk

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.14   You are on the river with clients.  There is no wind, the river is smooth.  But in the distance you see that the water is rippling with rapids.  What does this show you?                3 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.15   What threatened species of bird which is also an indicator species of a stable ecosystem is found on the lower Zambezi River and where does it nest?                                         2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.16   Name the 2 species of Night Heron that occur on the Zambezi River.                                                                                                   2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.17   What is the scientific name of the African Fish Eagle?                                         2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.18   As a canoe guide running a trip on the Zambezi River how would you dispose of the following waste?

  1. Vegetable Waste                                                                                         1 mk
  2.  Firewood Ash                                                                                             1 mk
  3. Plastic, Paper and Tins                                                                              1 mk
  4. Human Waste                                                                                             1 mk

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.19   As a trainee guide how many hours are you able to log per day and who should sign these off for you?                                 1 mk

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.20   Heat exhaustion can be a real threat to our international visitors.  What do you do in a suspected case?         2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.21   In order to safely control a flotilla of 4 canoes,  what distance between canoes will you tell your clients to keep?                 2 mks

CAN.SEPT.2019.QU.22   Safety is the most important consideration whilst canoeing, should a hippo submerge ahead of you and you are unsure of where it is going, what is the first thing you should do?             2 mks

OCTOBER, 2020

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.1   As a trainee canoe guide how many hours are you supposed to log per day and who should sign these off for you?       2 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.2   Whilst camping close to a riverbank,  what preventative measures would you take to avoid the possibility of contracting malaria? 3 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.3 You are a canoe guide on the Zambezi River opposite Mana Pools National Park.  About 400 metres inland, you notice a fierce fight between two male buffaloes.  Your client wants to get close to take pictures.  How do you assist him?                                 2 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.4   You are canoeing down the Zambezi.  You are too late to get to a designated canoe campsite to spend the night because of strong winds in front of you.  What would you do?          3 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.5   Name any FOUR(4) items that you should have in your canoe to ensure the safety of your clients.             4 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.6   You are a professional canoe guide.  Your client wishes to fish from the bank in Mana Pools National Park.  How would you assist him?                    2 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.7   Your client is interested in crocodiles and he asks you to attract them by putting in meat scraps.  How can you assist him? 3 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.8   At an overnight canoe designated site you have to make sure your clients are safe against predators.  Describe briefly what you need to do to ensure the client’s safety.                   4 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.9   You are in an overnight designated canoe site at night.  You hear shots fired about 3 kilometers away.  What would you do? 2 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.10   You notice a floating buffalo carcass in a river and your client wants to get nearer to have a look at it.  What would you do? 2 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.11   Heat exhaustion can be a real threat to our international visitors.  What would you do in a suspected case?             2 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.12   What is the scientific name of a largemouth bass? 2 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.13   You are fishing and you catch an undesirable fish species, you decide to release it back into the water.  What measures would you follow to prevent it from injuries and infection?                             3 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.14   Besides Victoria Falls, name other notable falls that are found along the Zambezi River.                                                        2 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.15   State any three(3) river flood plains that make up the World Wildlife Fund’s Zambezian Coastal Flooded Savannah Eco-region. 3 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.16   Differentiate between flamingos and ibises.  4 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.17   From Kariba Dam wall, Zambezi River heads towards Chirundu.  Beyond this, the river is flanked by two wildlife areas.  Name them.      2 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.18   You are with a group of clients where you are canoeing along the Zambezi River and a wounded hippo is charging towards the clients. 

a. What reaction will you take?   2 mks

b .Explain the justification of your actions in light of the legal frameworks binding.     2 mks

CAN.OCT.2020.QU.19   To which ocean does the Zambezi River discharge its water?                                                                                             1 mk

Rafting on Zambezi

Paddy Pacey

Teacher, Lecturer, Author, Facilitator, Safari Guide

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